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Scientists are learning that THC and CBD are not the only important cannabinoids

You’re probably familiar with some of the effects and uses of THC and CBD, but scientists are now learning that other cannabinoids play a strong role in the effects of the plant. Here’s what you need to know about some of these lesser-known compounds and the marijuana news that we’re likely to see about them:

CBN

This substance is mostly non-psychoactive, but it has sedative and pain-relieving properties. While the CBN content of fresh cannabis buds is low, higher concentrations can be found in dried cannabis buds that have been exposed to sunlight for a long period of time. People who suffer from anxiety also may find relief from this compound. Some evidence suggests that its anti-anxiety and sedative properties can be comparable to valium, and this indicates that there will likely be plenty of marijuana news about it in the near future.

In addition, CBN can have beneficial effects on bone formation. The combination of pain-relieving properties and its benefits for bone formation make it a potential medicine for people who are recovering from injuries that involve the skeletal system.

CBG

There’s likely to be a lot of marijuana news about this cannabinoid soon. CBG is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that’s present in the plant in quite low concentrations, and they rarely exceed 1%. However, CBG is converted into CBD and THC in the presence of sunlight or other forms of light that include the ultraviolet spectrum.

Scientists are beginning to discover that it has anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and even anti-cancer properties. While it’s not psychoactive, it could have substantial benefits for people who are suffering from depression due to its mood-boosting effects.

A study found that CBG may be beneficial for people who suffer from inflammatory bowel disorders (including Chron’s Disease), and there’s likely to be future research exploring this property of the compound. Also, although CBG is not found in marijuana in any substantial concentrations, there are certain strains of hemp that contain sizable amounts of it.

CBG is considered to have the most powerful anti-cancer effects of any cannabinoid. While there are few CBG-only supplements on the market, you can find them online. There are manufacturers that make CBG edibles, gummies, oils, vape products, and even wax. Often, CBG is extracted from hemp to make these products as opposed to coming from marijuana.

THCV

Unlike most cannabinoids other than THC, this one is psychoactive on its own in high enough dosages. However, it does not increase appetite, and it actually reduces it instead. Also, it tends to reduce anxiety, and it reduces or eliminates anxiety or paranoia that’s produced by THC. While it blocks some of the effects of THC at low doses, it’s thought to work synergistically with THC in higher doses.

Furthermore, the effects tend to be quite stimulating and can significantly boost mood for many people. In addition, its energizing and appetite-reducing properties could make it highly beneficial for people who are struggling to lose weight.

Also, THCV is thought to have benefits for people who suffer from epilepsy, and a study that was conducted on mice demonstrated these benefits. Furthermore, people with Parkinson’s Disease are also likely to experience significant benefits from this compound, and a study found that it prevented brain cell death in some people who have the condition.

This substance is found in high concentrations in certain strains of cannabis, especially types of the plant from Africa. You can find supplements that have CBD along with added THCV, and these products will allow you to experience some of the effects of this powerful compound.

The best example of a high-THCV strain is called Doug’s Vain, and it has a whopping 24.3% THCV content on average. If you’re looking for something with even more THCV, a product called Slim Hash has a THCV content of 38.44% on average!

CBC

This cannabinoid is known to have anti-depressant and sedative effects. Furthermore, it is believed to have anti-bacterial and anti-fungal effects, and scientists are discovering that it has anti-inflammatory properties as well.

According to some researchers, it actually has anti-cancer effects. These effects may be significant enough that it could make conventional therapies for cancer more effective for patients. In fact, CBC is considered to be the second most powerful anti-cancer compound in the plant. Also, CBC is thought to have benefits for brain cells, and it has the potential to help people who suffer from Alzheimer’s Disease and other forms of dementia.

While it is possible to get extracts that contain CBC, most strains of cannabis that are sold in dispensaries do not have high concentrations of the compound. That’s because breeding cannabis to produce larger amounts of THC reduces the amount of CBC that’s present in the plant.

THCA

This is the form that THC exists in before heat is applied to cannabis or cannabis products. While it’s non-psychoactive unless it’s converted into THC by heat, it is impossible to create a sample of THCA that does not contain some THC. Studies have shown that it could even help to prevent prostate cancer from proliferating. It’s also thought to be neuroprotective for people who are suffering from Alzheimer’s Disease and other neurodegenerative disorders.

Delta-8-THC

This compound is similar to THC. However, it’s far less psychoactive, but it’s known for having strong anti-emetic properties. It’s not possible to get significant doses of this compound from any particular strain, and the only way to receive a substantial dose of delta-8 THC is to purchase a distillate.

Terpenes

Terpenes are partly responsible for the differences in the psychoactive effects of different cannabis strains. One of them is even believed to act on cannabis receptors in and of itself, and the name of this compound is d-limonene. Another terpene is thought to have memory-boosting effects, and the name of this compound is pulegone.

Another important thing to know about the terpenes is that they have limited concentrations in the cannabis plant naturally (all are less than 1%), but some of these substances can be created synthetically. Some CBD oils contain terpenes for an added effect. These products often produce certain aspects of the effects of specific cannabis strains, such as energy, sedation, or increased mental focus.

Furthermore, some of the terpenes in cannabis have been found to have antioxidant properties. This could even reduce one’s risk of developing cancer because antioxidants help to prevent free radical damage that’s thought to contribute to the development of the disease.

The Entourage Effect

Scientists are learning that the compounds in cannabis work best together due to a complex set of interactions between them. As scientists are learning more about the way that these substances work together, they’re learning how important whole plant medicine can be for many patients.

This is likely to lead to an increase in the popularity of full-spectrum extracts as opposed to isolated cannabinoids. Furthermore, it may improve the case for legalization further as people become more aware of the need for the entire cannabis plant as opposed to certain isolated non-psychoactive cannabinoids.

Furthermore, a better understanding of the way that these cannabinoids interact with each other can allow breeders to create better strains and have more control over the effects that they will cause. You’re likely to hear much more marijuana news about how cannabinoids can help patients in isolation and as part of the mixture of substances in the whole plant.

References

https://apothecarium.com/blog/nevada/2018/7/24/cannabinoids-101-cbg

Cannabinoid Facts: THC, CBD, CBN, CBC, THCV, CBG and Other Unique Phyto Cannabinoids

https://www.royalqueenseeds.com/blog-cannabinol-cbn-what-is-it-and-what-are-its-effects-n474

https://www.leafly.com/news/cannabis-101/what-is-cbg-cannabinoid

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23415610

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